Colorado's Healthcare Heritage

Updates to Volume One — 1880

1880: Lew Wallace published his novel Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ, which succeeded Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) as America's best-selling novel until Margaret Mitchell published Gone with the Wind in 1936.

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) released a film of Ben-Hur in 1959. It won 11 Academy Awards, including best director (William Wyler), best actor in a leading role (Charlton Heston), best actor in a supporting role (Hugh Griffith), and best cinematography (Robert Surtees).


Salmonella typhi

In 1880, Karl Joseph Eberth (1835-1926) of the University of Zurich described a bacillus that he thought was the cause of typhoid fever. In 1884, Georg Gaffky (1850-1918) reported that he had isolated Eberth's bacillus in 26 of 28 cases of typhoid. The organism was initially called "Eberth's bacillus" or "the Gaffky-Eberth bacillus" until its scientific name was established: Salmonella typhi.


Leadville Hebrew Cemetery

The local Jewish community established the Leadville Hebrew Cemetery in January 1880.


Fort Crawford, Colorado

In July, 1880, the US Army established a camp — named Fort Crawford in 1886 — about eight miles south of Montrose, on the west bank of the Uncompahgre River. Its mission was to help with the removal of the Utes to southern Colorado and Utah.

1880: Dr. William W. Rowan — who had briefly been a surgeon at Fort Crawford, south of Montrose — resigned from the Army and settled in Ouray, where he was a town doctor until his death in 1926.

Dr. Rowan was a founder of the Ouray County Democratic Party, served six terms as mayor, and was elected to the Colorado General Assembly. He was famous for the white suit, shoes, and hat he wore on occasions, and for the white horse he rode in parades.

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