Healthcare Bibliography — General

History of Women in Medicine

Corrections and suggestions for additions will help make this bibliography a more useful resource for everyone — book [at] coloradohealthcarehistory [dot] com



Ruth J. Abram: Send Us a Lady Physician: Women Doctors in America, 1835-1920. New York: Norton, 1985.
Part One — Between Two Worlds: Nineteenth-Century American Medicine

Part Two — The Leaven of Tender Humanity: Women Enter the Medical Profession

Part Three — Her Calling in Life: The Class of 1879 of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania

Part Four — Relapse/Diagnosis: The Turn-of-the-Century Decline of Women Physicians
Alumnae of the Woman's Medical School Northwestern University (Woman's Medical College of Chicago): The Institution and Its Founders, Class Histories 1870-1890. Chicago: H.G. Cutler, Publisher, 1896. http://bit.ly/13GCU2P

Rima Apple: Women and Health in America: A Historical Handbook. New York: Garland, 1990.

William K. Beatty: "Mary Harris Thompson— Pioneer Surgeon and Hospital Founder," Proceedings of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago 34: 83-86. 1981.

Elizabeth Blackwell, MD: Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women: Autobiographical Sketches. London: Longmans, 1895.
Dr. Blackwell was the first woman to receive an MD in the United States.
Thomas N. Bonner: To the Ends of the Earth: Women's Search for Education in Medicine. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Ida Clyde Clarke: American Women and the World War. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1918. http://bit.ly/19ML1xi

Samuel Gregory, AM, MD: Letter to Ladies, in Favor of Female Physicians for their Own Sex. Third edition. Boston: Published by the College, and to be had of the secretary at the rooms of the institution, 274 Washington Street. New York: Fowlers and Wells, 308 Broadway. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson, 102 Chestnut Street. 1856. http://bit.ly/Nz3nez
Dr. Gregory was the founder (1849) and secretary of the New England Female Medical College.
Mary Hotaling: "In Pursuit of Health — The Rise of the Curing Industry (1860-1881)" from "A History of Saranac Lake" on the Historic Saranac Lake Wiki. http://bit.ly/N9rbUM There's also a section on Edward Livingston Trudeau, MD: http://bit.ly/ReNRiH
For at least a century, prominent women were movers and shakers for healthcare institutions in every part of Colorado; the same was true at Saranac Lake. See "Doings in the Adirondacks; Prominent Women Devoting Much of Their Time to Charity Work," New York Times, July 23, 1905. http://bit.ly/OJls68
Mary Putnam Jacobi, MD (1842-1906): "Woman in Medicine," pp. 139-205 in Woman's Work in America, edited by Annie Nathan Meyer. With an introduction by Julia Ward Howe. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1891. http://bit.ly/R208xm
Dr. Jabobi's chapter is an historical overview of women in medicine in nineteenth-century America, with quotations from journals and newspaper articles, and is still well worth reading.
See the short biography of Dr. Mary Putnam Jacobi on the National Library of Medicine website: http://1.usa.gov/qJOEmF. Her husband was Dr. Abraham Jacobi, the "father of American pediatrics," who was instrumental in getting her admitted to the medical societies of New York.
Anne Taylor Kirschmann: A Vital Force: Women in American Homeopathy. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004.

John William Leonard (ed.): Woman's Who's Who of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporary Women of the United States and Canada, 1914-1915. New York: The American Commonwealth Company, 1914. http://bit.ly/11qPKhw

Gerda Lerner: The Majority Finds Its Past: Placing Women in History. NY: Oxford University Press, 1981. New edition with Foreword by Linda K. Kerber, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Cathy Luchetti: Medicine Women: The Story of Early-American Women Doctors. New York:Crown Publishers, 1998.

Clara Marshall, MD: The Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania. An Historical Outline. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1012 Walnut Street, 1897. Dr. Marshall was dean of the college. http://bit.ly/P1UGHT

Regina Morantz-Sanchez: Sympathy and Science: Women Physicians in American Medicine. With a new preface by the author. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Ellen Singer More: Restoring the Balance: Women Physicians and the Profession of Medicine, 1850-1995. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

H. Henrietta Stockel, Victoria Krueger, and Bobette Perrone: Medicine Women, Curanderas, and Women Doctors. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989, 2012.

Mary Roth Walsh: Doctors Wanted: No Women Need Apply: Sexual Barriers in the Medical Profession, 1835-1975. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978.

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