Healthcare Bibliography — General

History of Medical Education

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Nathan Smith Davis, MD: History of Medical Education and Institutions in the United States from the First Settlement of the British Colonies to the Year 1850; with a Chapter on the Present Condition and Wants of the Profession, and the Means Necessary for Supplying Those Wants, and Elevating the Character and Extending the Usefulness of the Whole Profession. Chicago: S.C. Griggs & Co., Publishers, 1850. http://bit.ly/PYmeAF

Harvey Wickes Felter, MD: History of the Eclectic Medical Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1845-1902: Including the Worthington Medical College (1830-1842), the Reformed Medical School of Cincinnati (1842-1845), and the Eclectic College of Medicine (1856-1859), with biographical sketches of members of the various faculties and lists of graduated arranged alphabetically and by classes. Cincinnati, 1902. http://bit.ly/Q2CUlP

Abraham Flexner: Medical Education in the United States and Canada: A Report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. With an Introduction by Henry S. Pritchett, president of the Foundation. Bulletin Number Four. New York: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1910. The report on Colorado is on pages 197-199. http://bit.ly/RVSaBi

Martin Kaufman: American Medical Education: The Formative Years, 1765-1910. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1976.

"List of medical schools in the United States," including a list of medical schools that are no longer in existence. Wikipedia. http://bit.ly/9P9GvX

Kenneth M. Ludmerer: Learning to Heal: the Development of American Medical Education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Kenneth M. Ludmerer: Time to Heal: American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

William F. Norwood: Medical Education in the United States Before the Civil War. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944. 487 pp.
A review in the Annals of Internal Medicine (November 1, 1945) calls this book an "absorbing, vivid, impartial and scholarly account of medical education in this country in the century before the Civil War."

William G. Rothstein: American Medical Schools and the Practice of Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Winton U. Solberg: Reforming Medical Education: The University of Illinois College of Medicine, 1880-1920. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

The Standard medical directory of North America, 1902: Including a directory of practicing physicians in the United States of America, Canada, Cuba, Mexico, and Central America. Also directories respectively of medical officers of the U.S. Army and Navy, medical societies, medical colleges, medical laws and boards, medical publications, (books and periodicals), hospitals and sanitariums, mineral springs, drugs and medicines, medical and surgical products, manufacturers, life insurance companies, etc. Chicago, Illinois: G.P. Engelhard & Company, 1902. http://bit.ly/SiAHT0
Colorado medical schools are listed on page 15, and Colorado physicians and surgeons are listed on pp. 67-72.

Twenty-Fourth Annual Announcement of Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, for the Session of 1866-7, with Catalogue of Previous Session and Alumni of the College from Its Organization. Chicago: James Barnet, Book and Job Printer, 191 Lake Street, 1866. 16 pages. http://bit.ly/RKKswA

Steven Charles Wheatley: The Politics of Philanthropy: Abraham Flexner and Medical Education. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Richard W. Whitehead, MD, and Robert L. Perkin: "Medical Education in Colorado, 1881-1971," A Century of Colorado Medicine, ed. Harvey T. Sethman. Denver: Colorado Medical Society, 1971.

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