Healthcare Bibliography — Colorado

History of Colorado's Nineteenth-Century Railroads

The railroads played a decisive role in Colorado's population growth and economic development — and in the development of Colorado's hospitals and healthcare-services delivery systems — but their history was too complex to include more than some of the highlights in Volume One of Colorado's Healthcare Heritage. That history is interesting, though, and this bibliography has a few resources for those who would like to investigate further. The online maps are particularly instructive.

Corrections and suggestions for additions will help make this bibliography a more useful resource for everyone — book [at] coloradohealthcarehistory [dot] com

1878 Map of the Kansas Pacific Railway
"A Geographically Correct Map of Kansas & Colorado Showing Principal Cities & Towns, including the Famous Health & Pleasure Resorts of the Rocky Mountains, Reached by the Kansas Pacific Railway. The 'Golden Belt Route.' "

Text for Kansas Pacific Map:

1891 Map of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad — identifying La Junta, Colorado, as the hub of railroad transportation for the western United States

1904 Map of the Denver & Rio Grande and the Rio Grande Western System

1922 Map comparing the Santa Fe Trail with the route of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad

George L. Anderson: General William J. Palmer: A Decade of Colorado Railroad Building, 1870-1880. Colorado College Publication General Series No. 209, Studies Series No. 22. Colorado Springs, October, 1936. 172 pages.
An interesting account of Palmer's management of the extension to Denver of the Kansas Pacific, and of Palmer's Denver & Rio Grande Railway Company, by a professor of history at Colorado College.

Robert Athearn: The Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad: Rebel of the Rockies. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1977.
An in-depth account by a professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Keith L. Bryant, Jr.: History of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Charles Frederick Carter: When Railroads Were New. With Introductory Note by Logan G. McPherson. Illustrated. New York: Henry Holt and Company. London: George Bell and Sons. 1909.
Chapter VIII: "Through Tribulation by Rail" has an entertaining description of the 1878-1880 "Rio Grande war" over control of the passage through the Royal Gorge (pp. 268-281). The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Denver and Rio Grande were the warring parties.

Josie Moore Crum: The Rio Grande Southern Story. Durango, Colorado: Railroadiana, 1957.

Denver & Rio Grande Railroad map of railroads in Southwestern Colorado and Northwestern New Mexico Undated

Kenton Forrest and Charles Albi: Denver's Railroads: The Story of Union Station and Railroads of Denver. Golden: Colorado Railroad Museum, 1986.

William Gilpin (1813-1894): Central Gold Region. The Grain, Pastoral, and Gold Regions of North America. With Some New Views of its Physical Geography; and Observations on the Pacific Railroad. Illustrated by Maps. Philadelphia: Sower, Barnes & Co., and St. Louis: E.K. Woodward, 1860.
The Appendix (pp. 145-194) has three sections:

I. "Speech of Col. William Gilpin, on the Subject of the Pacific Railway, Delivered at Independence, Mo., at a Mass Meeting of the Citizens of Jackson County, Held November 5, A.D. 1849"

II. "Proceedings of a Mass Meeting of the Citizens of Jackson County, at Independence, on the 5th of November, 1849, to Respond to the Action of the Great National Railroad Convention, Held in St. Louis on the 15th Day of October, 1849."

III. "Pike's Peak and the Sierra San Juan. Extracts from an Address by Col. William Gilpin, Delivered at Kansas City, November 15th, 1858; on the Gold Production of America and the Sierra San Juan."

William Gilpin (1813-1894): Cosmopolitan Railway: Compacting and Fusing Together All the World's Continents. San Francisco: The History Company, Publishers, 1890.
The title page describes Gilpin as "Late Governor of Colorado: Author of the Central Gold Region, Mission of the North American People, Etc., Etc."

Gilpin's chapters V ("History of Railroad Construction"), VI ("The Railway as a Factor of Progress"), and VI ("Race Problems and Proclivities") can help the twenty-first-century reader understand how, early in the Progressive Era, one Coloradan thought about the future.

"My studies of the configuration and climates of the North American continent began by personal observation over half a century ago, when the western part was a primeval wilderness wholly unknown to civilization. The idea forced itself more and more upon my mind of a widely extended railway system. This system should not only traverse the continent from sea to sea, but should continue its course north and west across the strait of Bering; and across Siberia to connect with the railways of Europe. The more I investigated, the more practicable the plan appeared, until the certainty of its consummation at no far distant day became with me a settled conviction." (Preface).

Maury Klein: "Jay Gould: A Revisionist Interpretation," in Business and Economic History, Second Series, Volume 15, pp. 55-68. 1986.
Klein's article is a review of Julius Grodinsky: Jay Gould: His Business Career, 1867-1892. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1957.

Maury Klein: The Life and Legend of Jay Gould. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.
An important revisionist biography of the Robber Baron who played an important part in Colorado's economic development by his control of the state's railroads.

Robert A. Le Massena: Colorado's Mountain Railroads. Sundance Publications Ltd. Revised edition, 1984.

Robert A. Le Massena: Union Pacific in Colorado, 1867-1967. Stapled booklet. Printed by Hotchkins and Nelson, Denver, 1967.

William J. Palmer: Report of Surveys across the Continent in 1867-'68, on the Thirty-Fifth and Thirty-Second Parallels, for a Route Extending the Kansas Pacific Railway to the Pacific Ocean at San Francisco and San Diego. Philadelphia: Selheimer, 1869.

"Railway Surgery Historical Center" website

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